timeline of major events in south african history

Britain had allocated the sum of 1 200 000 British Pounds as compensation to the Dutch settlers, on condition the Dutch farmers had to lodge their claims in Britain as well as the fact that the value of the slaves was many times the allocated amount. As British and Boer settlers started establishing permanent farms after trekking across the country in search of prime agricultural land, they encountered resistance from the local Bantu people who had originally migrated southwards from central Africa hundreds of years earlier. A-Z of South African Politics: the Essential Handbook. 1962 - Nelson Mandela is arrested and jailed. day of nationwide voting). Large corporations were allowed to shift their main listings abroad. Britain ends its slave trade; British missionaries arrive in southern British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan's "Winds of Change" South Africa agrees to lease oil storage space to Iran. Portuguese navigator Bartholomeu Dias rounds Cape of Good Hope. Griqualand then became a separate Crown Colony renamed Griqualand West in 1871, with a Lieutenant-General and legislative council. support for IFP by police. 1990 - Nelson Mandela is released from prison. South Africa [87] Keate awarded ownership to the Griquas. "Disease and Society: VOC Cape Town, Its People, and the Smallpox Epidemics of 1713, 1755, and 1767," Kleio 27. [118], Dissatisfaction with British influence in the Union's affairs reached a climax in September 1914, when impoverished Boers, anti-British Boers and bitter-enders launched a rebellion. [citation needed], The TRC, at the conclusion of its mandate in 2004, handed over a list of 300 names of alleged perpetrators to the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) for investigation and prosecution by the NPA's Priority Crimes Litigation Unit. Europeans dominate the western half of the area by 1800. South African Timeline: 1652 - 1999. destroy Zulu army at Isandhlwana. surgeon, Dr. Christian Barnard, at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town. Interracial violence flares. After the country's first multiracial democratic elections in 1994, a number of terrorist bomb blasts were linked to the AWB. Consolidated Mines. Walter Sisulu and other activists released after 25 years in prison. 1960: Police kill 69 people during anti-apartheid protests at Sharpeville. [133] A number of South African fighter pilots served with distinction in the Royal Air Force during the Battle of Britain, including Group Captain Adolph "Sailor" Malan who led 74 Squadron and established a record of personally destroying 27 enemy aircraft. [103] The commercial opportunities opened by the discovery of gold attracted many other people of European Jewish origin. Afrikaans recognized as South Africa's official language. Introduction of pass laws to control labor force in Kimberley diamond areas. The Jewish population of South Africa in 1880 numbered approximately 4,000; by 1914 it had grown to more than 40,000, mostly migrants from Lithuania. Most of the bodies were dumped in unmarked graves. Voortrekker Republic of Natalia established. The Zulu people are part of the Nguni tribe and were originally a minor clan in what is today northern KwaZulu-Natal, founded ca. prison in Rivonia trial. However, there was competition for land, and this tension led to skirmishes in the form of cattle raids from 1779. Britain claims Transvaal (South African Republic). They bring with them iron tools and a knowledge of farming. Constitutional Court abolishes death penalty. Oldest first, -1) ? [31], In 1787, shortly before the French Revolution, a faction within the politics of the Dutch Republic known as the Patriot Party attempted to overthrow the regime of stadtholder William V. Though the revolt was crushed, it was resurrected after the French invasion of the Netherlands in 1794/1795 which resulted in the stadtholder fleeing the country. Native Land Act, cornerstone of racial segregation, divides South Africa into black and white areas. [193] The Africanists broke away from the ANC to form the Pan-Africanist Congress and its military wing named Poqo, which became active mainly in the Cape provinces. Battles and smallpox push back the indigenous populations of the San (hunter-gatherers) and the Khoikhoi (farmers). Under the provisions of the act, the Union became an independent Dominion of the British Empire, governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with the British monarch represented by a Governor-General. "Untold History with a Historiography: A Review of Scholarship on Afrikaner Women in South African History.". [124] The Mendi disaster was one of South Africa's worst tragedies of the Great War, second perhaps only to the Battle of Delville Wood. [104], The working environment of the mines, meanwhile, as one historian has described it, was "dangerous, brutal and onerous", and therefore unpopular among local black Africans. French president François Mitterrand first foreign head of state to [86] Cape Colony Governor Sir Henry Barkly persuaded all claimants to submit themselves to a decision of an arbitrator and so Robert W Keate, Lieutenant-Governor of Natal was asked to arbitrate. Following the defeat of the Boers in the Anglo-Boer or South African War (1899–1902), the Union of South Africa was created as a self-governing dominion of the British Empire on 31 May 1910 in terms of the South Africa Act 1909, which amalgamated the four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Colony of Natal, Transvaal Colony, and Orange River Colony.

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