family and social policy sociology a level
The conservatives also defined divorce as a social problem and emphasised the continued responsibility of parents for their children after divorce. See all Families and households resources ». Providing council housing for unmarried couples teenage mothers encourages young girls to become pregnant. The New Labour policies favoured the kind of dual-earner neo conventional family described by Robert Chester. What is… Laws making divorce easier undermine the idea of marriage as a lifelong commitment between a man and a women. tax and benefits policies / childcare. In turn, the effects of the policies is often to reinforce that particular type of family at the expense of other types. Complete learning phase for Family and social policy including lecture notes, consolidation group presentation activity and exam practice. traditional family best environment to raise a child. introduction of health, education and housing policies has lead to the development of a welfare state that supports families. emphasised parents to take responsibility for children (introducing Parenting Orders for parents of young offenders). effect of division between conservative -led coalition government. growth of lone parent families as state provides benefits to lone mothers, the father will abandon their family. Functionalists see society as built on harmony and consensus and free from major conflicts. Therefore over recent years numerous government policies have been designed to help everyone live in a stable family. They see society as patriarchal, benefiting women at women's expenses. © Copyright The Student Room 2017 all rights reserved. set up Child Support Agency- enforcing maintenance payments by absent parent. a conflict perspective - society based on a conflict of interests between men and women. London WC1R 4HQ. policies on other social or economic issues also effect the family. Reflecting a New Right view, Mrs Thatcher's conservative government banned the promotion of homosexuality by local authorities.This included a ban on teaching that homosexuality was an acceptable family relationship. For the New Right polices have encouraged these changes and helped to undermine the nuclear family. adoption rights, pension rights when partner dies and succession to council house tenancies. **** in marriage made criminal offence improving position of women in the family. policies are based on traditional gender division between male breadwinner and female housewife. banned promotion of homosexuality. Critics argue that the coalition government's financial austerity policies reflected New Right's desire to cut public spending. Furthermore as Diana Leonard (1978) argues even where policies appear to support women they may still reinforce the patriarchal family and act as a from of social control over women. policies have undermined the nuclear family. Policies are often based on assumptions about what the 'normal' family is like. In their view the less the state interferes in families the better family life will be. tax and benefits policies / childcare Sees professionals such as doctors and social workers as exercising power over their clients by using their expert knowledge to turn them into 'cases' to be dealt with. Who favour a New Right view and reject diversity as morally wrong. The New Right's solution to these problems is simple.They argue that the policy must be changed with cuts in welfare spending and tighter restrictions on who is eligible for benefits. 2 It assumes that there is a march of progress. The introduction of civil partnerships for gay and lesbian couples sends out the message that the state no longer sees heterosexual, What does Brenda Almond (2006) argue? While the government pays for some childcare for pre-school children this is not enough to permit parents to work full-time unless they can meet the additional costs . How do social policies affect family life? compulsory schooling provides childcare for working parents. Social policy refers to the actions governments take in order to influence society, or to the actions opposition parties and ‘social movements’ (think Marxism and Feminism) propose to do if they were to gain power. The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. Drew argues that most European Union countries are now moving towards more Individualistic gender regimes. some policies aimed specifically at family life. However, as Elisabeth Silva and Carol Smart (1999) note New Labour rejected the New Right view that the family should have just one earner and recognised that women too now go out to work. eg. Tutor Time Reflection and Wellbeing Journal (2020), AQA A Level Sociology - Crime and Deviance - Completed Knowledge organisers, Education - AQA A-level Sociology - Entire Unit, Research Methods - AQA A-level Sociology - Entire Unit, The Scramble and Partition of Africa, Colonianialism and Imperialism, GCSE sociology [WJEC/Eduqas]- The rise in singlehood and marriage patterns, WJEC Level 3 Criminology Certificate: Unit 1 Complete Bundle. Government policies often assume that the family will provide this care. Similarly **** within marriages was made a criminal offence in 1991. Social policy and the family As was saw in the previous page, lone-parent families are particularly vulnerable to having a low family income. A final area of difference with the New Right was in New Labour's support for alternatives to the conventional heterosexual nuclear family. They see the state as acting in the interests of society as a whole and its social policies as being good for all of them. The New Right is a conservative view of the family that first developed in the 1970s. The functionalist view has been criticised on 2 main counts: 1. it assumes that all members of the family benefit equally from social polices whereas feminists argue that polices often benefit men. taxation policies affect how much money is taken from families and how much is made available for services for family. have direct and indirect effects on the family. social policies shape or define family life in ways that benefit men and maintain patriarchy, eg. The family and social policy is one of the most interesting topics on this part of the specification, yet it often gets overlooked. 806 8067 22 Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Taking a break or withdrawing from your course, the measures taken by state bodies such as schools and welfare agencies. Instead he sees social policy as a form of state control of the family. led to difficulty to maintain a consistent policy on the family. As functionalists examine social institutions on the basis of the function/contribution they play in social stability, functionalists like Fletcher see social policy as an outcome of the march of progress towards a society where the family is assisted by the state rather than social policies being a form of state social control. defines divorce as a social problem but made divorce easier. The New Right ignore the many polices that support and maintain the conventional family. laws make divorce easier, introduction of civil partnership sends message state no longer sees heterosexual marriage as superior, tax laws discriminate against conventional families with a sole breadwinner (they pay more tax than dual-earner couples).
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